Tibet lies in the north-east plateau region of China, under the foot of Himalayas. It is the homeland of Tibetan people as well as some other ethnic groups. Tibet is the highest region on earth, with an average elevation of 4,900 meters (16,000 feet).
Tibet enjoys the reputation of the ‘Roof of the World’ and the ‘Third Pole of the Earth’. Five mountains here exceed the altitudes of 8,000 meters (26,240 feet) and many others rise to 7,000 meters (22,960 feet), making a natural challenge for mountaineers. The world’s highest peak, Mt. Everest is situated in this region. The vast land is also the river source of the Yangtze River and the Yellow River. The Heavenly Lake Namtso, the Yamdrok Yumtso Lake, the Lake Manasarova and many other amazingly beautiful lakes set the region apart as an exceptional scenic place.
Lhasa is one of the highest cities in the world and it is the administrative capital of Tibet. The city contains many culturally significant Tibetan Buddhist sites such as the Potala Palace, Jokhang temple and Norbulingka palaces.
Shigatse means ‘the fertile land’. It sits in the plain at the confluence of the Yarlong Tsangpo and Nyangchu Rivers, where Tibet’s most fertile land is to be found. Its long history gives this city a strong cultural heritage, especially in respect of Buddhism, which is the reason of so many temple dotted in this city.
The Everest Base Camp
The Everest Base Camp consists of two base camps, each on opposite sides of Mount Everest. South Base Camp is in Nepal with an altitude of 5,364 meters (17,598 ft), and North Base Camp is in Tibet at 5,150 meters (16,900 ft). These camps are rudimentary camp sites on Mount Everest that are used by mountain climbers during their ascent and descent.
Yambajan hot spring，Yarlung Tsangpo River